Readers will find a comprehensive guide that is accessible to nonexperts; numerous examples and diverse applications from a broad range of domains, including geophysics and geophysical flows, environmental acoustics, medical imaging, mechanical and biomedical engineering, economics and finance, and traffic control and urban planning; and the latest methods for advanced data assimilation, combining variational and statistical approaches.
Audience: The core audience is advanced undergraduate and early graduate students in applied mathematics, environmental sciences, and any domain (engineering, social science, biology, etc.) that deals with inverse problems related to physical measurements. A strong potential audience is practicing researchers and engineers engaged in (partial) differential equation based data assimilation, inverse problems, optimization, and optimal control.
Contents: Part I: Basic Methods and Algorithms for Data Assimilation; Chapter 1: Introduction to Data Assimilation and Inverse Problems; Chapter 2: Optimal Control and Variational Data Assimilation; Chapter 3: Statistical Estimation and Sequential Data Assimilation; Part II: Advanced Methods and Algorithms for Data Assimilation; Chapter 4: Nudging Methods; Chapter 5: Reduced Methods; Chapter 6: The Ensemble Kalman Filter; Chapter 7: Ensemble Variational Methods; Part III: Applications and Case Studies; Chapter 8: Applications in Environmental Sciences; Chapter 9: Applications in Atmospheric Sciences; Chapter 10: Applications in Geosciences; Chapter 11: Applications in Medicine, Biology, Chemistry, and Physical Sciences; Chapter 12: Applications in Human and Social Sciences.